Website Coupons More Info. Khalil will be pursuing opportunities through high level business development as well as establishing and maintaining strong and strategic relationships with potential clients in the public and private sectors. Universal Printing Press Universal Printing Press SSH created an inspirational design for this iconic industrial building which showcases the printing process. The system is credit-based, allowing projects to earn points for environmentally friendly actions taken during construction and use of a building. It is home to the aforementioned blue-blooded Mountain Brook Club and the The Country Club of Birmingham as well as the social matrix of clubs and social alliances associated with the wealthy.
Liezl De Jager specialises in Medical Planning and works with facility staff to prepare a detailed schedule of accommodation leading to further detailed medical design development. The event explored the regulatory framework underpinning public-private partnerships PPP and alternative finance mechanisms in the MENA region, and how best to utilise the various project finance models available on the market.
Michael stressed the need to simplify PPP projects, streamline procurement processes and for the project finance sector to be more selective over which schemes the PPP model should be applied.
Ons Plek, located in the suburb of Mowbray, Cape Town, is currently the only housing child and youth care centre in the city that specialises in developmental and therapeutic intake services for girls who have lived, worked or begged on the streets. On 8 August, a generous donation of much-needed items collected over the previous week in the Cape Town office was presented to the residents of Ons Plek.
Nicky Joshua and Andiswa Majwede Head Assistant and Children Caregiver, respectively welcomed the SSH team with open arms as they delivered toiletries, sanitary ware and various dried goods in abundance. Physical abuse, neglect, or being sent away by families who cannot support them are just some of the reasons girls become homeless.
Each year, almost girls between the ages of six and 18 years are forced to fend for themselves on the streets of Cape Town. Due to the deterioration of socioeconomic conditions in South Africa, this number increases yearly. Statistically, female street children are the poorest of the poor and as a minority group 12 per cent of street children are girls are seldom catered for by projects set up to help them.
The programme at Ons Plek is designed to empower the girls to cope with life. For 70 per cent of them, there is a supervised return to their families, who are assisted in resolving their difficulties. Of those remaining, 75 per cent return to school. Creative educational workshops also help girls build important learning skills.
Each girl must participate in household duties, including cooking and grocery shopping. Household decisions and rules are made by girls and staff members together. Thank you to every member of the SSH Family who added to the successful outcome of this charity drive. Ons Plek, Mowbray, currently houses 16 young girls.
Visit Ons Plek 's website at www. If you would also like to help, the website has a donations section, so you too can make a difference. Bob will remain in a supporting advisory capacity for the remainder of the calendar year and will also continue to provide ongoing consultancy support to the group Chairman. Bob has developed a solid leadership team at SSH and, as part of this team, Matt has been developed as his successor.
This news demonstrates both our commitment to internal staff development and the success of our succession strategy. I'm sure that Matt will now build on the foundation established to date and take SSH to even greater future success, and I congratulate him on his promotion. We have built upon SSH's proud year local legacy and transformed the group into a regional industry leader delivering world-class projects to high-calibre clients as their consultant of choice.
Now is the right time for me to step aside and let the new SSH leadership take the organisation forward for the future. I have greatly enjoyed working with Bob in transitioning the business over the past five years in my role as Chief Operating Officer.
Please contact Tanya Lowe at Tanya. The Marsa Al Seef development will be a self-contained waterfront city with extensive residential and leisure components, and complementary commercial opportunities set off-shore from the historic traditional fishing villages of Bahrain.
The project will be designed and managed by the team at the SSH Bahrain office. This follows the successful execution of lead design consultancy services by SSH. Piling has now started on the project, with a groundbreaking ceremony taking place in late October attended by key officials from Naseej and SSH, among other strategic partners.
The CanalView development offers canal-side living at its finest. The new facility consists of a total of beds with a total built up area of around , sqm. The project was awarded on a design, construction, equipping, furnishing, operation and maintenance basis by the Ministry of Health and is expected to be completed within a 42 months programme.
The hospital is a multi-facility development, conceived to complement existing medical facilities within AL ADAN medical district site as part of the government national healthcare expansion plan.
SSH has become a leading provider for healthcare planning, architecture and engineering services in the region. The site covers an area of 6, sqm in the Sharq Area, a prime waterfront location offering unrivalled views. Juman One is the first unique instalment in the development providing resort-living services of elegance and style. It will offer uninterrupted views to Almouj Marina, the award-winning marina and flagship yachting and sailing destination in Oman.
Offering 1, 2 and 3 bedroom apartments, Juman One was designed with serenity and sophistication embedded in its architectural ethos. Six penthouses are designed with the same theme in mind, offering opulent architecture with open-plan features, spa bathrooms, terraces, and 5-bedroom units, with two central penthouses offering a private outdoor lap pool and jacuzzi.
The world-class lifestyle and leisure destination bridges people, businesses and cultures to create a thriving waterfront community along the 6km stretch of coast in Muscat. The already iconic venue is the first significant venture for Oman into the conferences and exhibitions market.
The next phase is due for completion in The completion of the new hospital building falls under corporate social responsibility initiatives undertaken by NBK. SSH congratulates the management of the bank on opening of this Unit. The specialist healthcare centre is the first hospital in Kuwait that offers bone marrow transplants for children under 16 years old free of charge and is a continuation of the NBK children's hospital project, which the bank first launched in The SSH multi-disciplinary teams oversaw the output of the scheme, in terms of healthcare architecture, medical planning and sustainable MEP.
Services provided included conceptualising the design, followed by full documentation of the design while coordinating with other specialists, and construction supervision of the project. The awards seek to recognise and reward individual excellence, corporate prowess and project success across 16 categories. To know more about Matt click here. Fine Arts Centre, and Theatre. The debut event aimed to provide networking opportunities for designers and suppliers, while showcasing presentations from industry leaders and presenting exciting sector-relevant panel discussions.
Main themes covered the influence of 3D printing on the design industry, how educational institutions focus enhancing the environment, and Biophilic design. Biophilia, also known as biotecture, is a building design philosophy of integrating nature, from natural light and vegetation, to materials and natural views, into modern buildings with the aim of creating a pleasant habitat for the people within.
Boris and his co-panellists in the first session of the event, Biophilia in Design, spoke about how biophilia challenges conventional architectural and engineering practices by promoting the beneficial experience of nature in the built environment. Attendees from across the region and beyond, gathered to gain expert insight from speakers, and discovered opportunities within the hospitality and hotel development sector. David and co-panellists, in the session entitled Focus on Value Engineering, spoke on how the hospitality sector in the GCC has matured, leading to owners and developers having to change their hotel models to adapt, with better returns on investment playing a much bigger role in the construction of new projects.
By recreating the home-sharing accommodation trend, but with the perks of hotel living and set within an architecturally stunning concept, such as the building designs SSH is known for, the hotel industry can keep pace with consumer desires for new lifestyle experiences.
David stressed the importance of building brand recognition and the key role tools such as social media and an online presence have in promoting that message to consumers and, ultimately, that iconic architectural hotels help to drive the recognition hospitality brands seek. Watch the video to find out what David had to say… https: Attendees can, however, still expect the best in world-class speakers, focus and discuss their insights with industry colleagues and experts, as well as discover opportunities to drive business relations forward within the hospitality and hotel development sector.
In the session entitled Focus on Value Engineering, David and his co-panellists will discuss how the hotel model in the GCC has changed forever and, as a maturing market, how that means owners and investors in the region must adapt and develop projects with value and return on investment in mind.
The hospital will be the largest of its kind in the world once complete and is a landmark development for Kuwait, delivering beds over , sqm of functional floor space. This underlined to the team the value not only of the experience within the garden, but the views across it from within the building — both during the day and at night.
The JACC is the centerpiece of a new cultural district in Kuwait City that showcases performing arts, creates a world-class theatre quarter and will act as a focal point for culture in the Middle East.
To know more about Bassam click here. The IASTE was established by the University of California and the University of Oregon at Berkeley in April as an interdisciplinary forum to enable scholars from various disciplines and countries to exchange ideas, discuss methods and approaches, and share findings. The conference, held in Kuwait City, explored the role tradition plays in legitimating practices that produce place-based or placeless built environments.
As in past IASTE conferences, scholars and practitioners from architecture, architectural history, art history, anthropology, archaeology, folklore, geography, history, planning, sociology, urban studies, and related disciplines attended to discuss building legitimacy through tradition. SSH is proud to be part of this industry leading international event and we look forward to continue to support the Kuwait University in realising its vision to advance knowledge in the field of Architecture in Kuwait by educating Kuwaiti architects and developing research into the built environment of Kuwait.
Built around Smart Dubai's four pillars - efficient, seamless, safe and impactful - and six dimensions covering Smart Economy, Smart Living, Smart Environment, Smart Governance, Smart People and Smart Mobility, d3's initiatives are wide-ranging and intelligently leverage technology to help drive an unparalleled quality of experience for its creative community and visitors. Some individuals will have their own bespoke card and there are cards dedicated to each office so that we all may use them when appropriate.
Sadoon liked the office space and the now famous roof terrace, and his visit concluded with team photos against the city skyline. A special ceremony was held for brothers Jassim, Ghasim and Habib Mayahi to commend their landmark achievement, their loyalty to the company and the contribution they have made to the success of SSH. The brothers shared stories of the early days of SSH and how they had assisted our founders with all types of activities over the years.
They remain an inspiration to their colleagues, with their sense of family and ongoing commitment to the company. Abbas also is a Senior Project Manager with a successful track record in leading commercial, industrial, military headquarter and camps projects.
He has worked in design offices in the Canada and USA, where he worked on a broad range of projects. He is a member of the Kuwait Society of Engineers. He has design, construction and multi-disciplinary project co-ordination and management experience for residential, commercial, healthcare, military, education, public and sports lighting, and has been involved in engineering assignments in Australia, Bahrain, Libya, Morocco, Oman, UAE and the UK.
Ahmad has 15 years of experience in the field of design including managing and designing infrastructure. His background covers the design of surface water, sewerage, potable water and irrigation networks.
He has managed all aspects of the operation and maintenance of infrastructure networks from initial planning to detailed design and tendering through to construction and site supervision. He has more than 13 years of experience in building design, healthcare facilities, governmental, commercial, industrial, residential, and project management. Consultant Engineering Company where he led the architectural, structural, MWP an infrastructure teams through the design phases.
He will be responsible for providing the technical interface and for commercial and construction issues on the project. His management and technical background, combined with a deep understanding of commercial development goals enables him to manage and implement a broad range of prestigious and unique projects within commercial, recreational, residential, industrial, infrastructure and government sectors.
His experience covers client engagement, business development, commercial leadership, project and design management and construction supervision. Additionally, Andrew is the Chair of the SSH Project Management Office PMO and is responsible for delivering robust leadership, support and guidance to the internal project management community to ensure SSH continues to deliver projects on time and within budget for our clients. He also performed the role of Commercial Manager of the business operations covering all projects and business functions.
Andrew has been involved in several high profile projects including commercial, education, healthcare, hospitality, industrial, leisure and residential throughout the MENA region. Andrew obtained his Master of Engineering with Honours M. Her project expertise ranged from large acute hospitals to small and medium-sized specialist hospital projects designed to British and FGI standards.
Over the past 18 years, Angela has been working closely with hospital clinicians at the strategic front end of projects. To achieve client visions and expectations, she assesses and advises on the needs of new facilities from a master planning level through to the departmental level of medical planning. Her design focus is driven by a need to create staff efficiencies and operational economies through innovative designs that embed strategies to improve patient, staff and visitor experiences.
Antonio has over 14 years of experience of similar projects in Australia, Spain and the UK. He was involved in major projects in Adelaide, Brisbane, Melbourne and Sydney including highways and urban and rural schemes.
Dealing with all aspects of quality, health and safety plus environmental issues, auditing all regional offices, departments and projects, collating design quality plans, design management plans and supervision.
He also has extensive experience of coordinating architectural and interiors, structural and civil, mechanical, HVAC, electrical, IT, commercial, quantity surveying and business development departments to develop respective departmental manuals and standardising their processes. Prior to SSH he was the Project Director at Project Management International Systems where he headed a project management team tasked to provide support and project management services for the Ministry of Interior in Kuwait.
During the two preceding years he worked as a private consultant providing project management services to companies in Spain, USA, and Kuwait. Previous experience includes large project and construction management in the USA. He takes responsibility for the design of electrical networks from volts up to kV and is an expert in the design of substations, 11kV networks, 22kV networks and street lighting. Bassam has worked with different industries in Kuwait and the surrounding region, including real estate, contracting, healthcare, transportation, public sector, education, hospitality amongst others.
He is a landscape architect and environmental planner with over 15 years of experience in landscape and urban design, environmental planning, and the latest sustainable policies and developments related to commercial, education, government, leisure and residential sectors on a local and regional scale. With more than 14 years working in the Middle East he brings with him a wealth of experience in design, management and hospitality working on many large scale projects in both the residential and leisure sectors.
He has experience of managing client operator relations. Clinton has also managed the execution of projects in relation to construction documentation and detailing. Clinton was tasked with managing the design and development side of this project for the client.
He will provide ongoing support to the project delivery teams while assisting with developing the strategic direction of the business within the UAE. He brings to the business more than a decade of in-country experience in commercial and project management and a strong corporate governance focus from his previous Director roles. He has successfully grown engineering project management and multidisciplinary consultant businesses in the UAE buildings and infrastructure sectors, and is experienced in the delivery of complex high-profile projects, particularly embracing areas of emerging technology.
He is leading the development of corporate and territorial marketing plans whilst ensuring their implementation is consistent with corporate growth goals, actively participating in strategic development and the pursuit of clients and project opportunities locally and regionally.
Danny is experienced in leading multidisciplinary project design and construction supervision teams, has extensive commercial management experience, and speaks English, Arabic and French fluently. His experience spans the commercial, hospitality, residential and retail sectors, and includes the design of large stadia and sporting facilities.
In these projects, he has also played a key leadership and business development role with both local and international clients. As a chartered structural engineer with more than 20 years of experience, David is well versed with the challenges faced by the construction industry.
His skills set is broad, having worked for a contractor, design consultant and a private developer. During this period, he has gained a significant amount of knowledge on numerous aspects of construction.
David has held several positions in his career, namely site engineer, site manager, design engineer, business unit head project manager, project director, country manager and operations director. Dean started his career as a Structural Engineer, gaining chartered status, before moving into project management.
He has over 35 years industry experience and has worked on a wide variety of projects including residential, commercial, retail mixed use, leisure, high-rise office, hospitality, museum and healthcare. His experience has led him to gain a wealth of knowledge in fast-track project delivery, package management and contract administration. He is a talented, versatile landscape professional with extensive experience in the management and delivery of complex landscape projects from concept design through to implementation.
His extensive expertise is in the area where creativity and engineering overlap, designing glass structures, façades, lightweight structures, and bridges. He understands structural analysis, dynamics, and materials in 3D and has an eye for aesthetics.
Dom works closely with architects and other design professionals in collaboration to deliver successful projects. In the past he has worked at Technical Director level for specialist structural engineering companies and large corporate consultancies, W S Atkins for example, working on high profile UK and international projects including Birmingham Central Station and Dubai Metro.
Dom graduated from Bath University in with a Bachelor of Science Degree Hons in Building Engineering, specialising in structural engineering, is a member of the Institution of Structural Engineers and a registered Chartered Engineer. He was also involved in various assignments in road design and traffic engineering, GIS and construction supervision. He as well took on many bids in his first decade with SSH.
With his wide range and extensive experience he went on and worked as a freelancer, between and , and has provided consultancy services and project management to many local and international consultants, also he was involved in subcontracting civil construction works.
Gasser started his career as a Site Architect and developed technical expertise that enabled him to bring a depth of understanding to the role of Project Manager.
He works with all project stakeholders including clients, international designers, sub-consultants, contractors and specialists. He has filled many senior roles in the company and joined the SSH Board in He has extensive technical and commercial experience and an unrivalled overview of the home market and is the Resident Director for Kuwait.
George has a keen interest in the application of technology to the professional services management process and is a sponsor of the robust ERP suite of applications that SSH uses to manage its financial, project management and business processes today.
He is a registered professional engineer with the Institution of Engineers in Australia and he is a member of the Kuwait Society of Engineers. His experience includes theatres, music centers, luxury hotels, residential, commercial, stadiums and infrastructure projects. He is a member in the Order of Engineers and Architects, Lebanon. Jake Dyter Jake Dyter Design Principal Jake joined SSH in April as a Design Principal and is currently leading the core design team to deliver innovative engineered solutions and works closely with the 3D teams to ensure the retention of architectural integrity from concept through to completion, visualisation through to facade fabrication.
Jake has gained combined 3D skills and first hand construction knowledge that has led to award winning architectural landmark buildings across the sectors of Stadia, Education, transportation, and Commercial.
Jamal has 20 years of experience in the project management and supervision of highways and highway related structures, preparing designs for major roads and highway projects. Appointed as Senior Associate in He has over 23 years of project management experience in the UK and Middle East. His project experience ranges from master planning schemes, water parks, low and high rise developments, hotels, education projects, healthcare, airports and railways stations.
As a result of the rapid increase in the construction supervision team, Khaled has concentrated on enhancing the quality of SSH services and personally managing the recruitment of key positions. Khaled brings with him a comprehensive understanding of the Saudi market, recognising, presenting and acting on crucial business opportunities, leading and fostering client relations, developing key proposal and contract strategies, as well as driving bids through to successful completion.
Khalil will be pursuing opportunities through high level business development as well as establishing and maintaining strong and strategic relationships with potential clients in the public and private sectors. Between and , Khalil was engaged in design, construction and project management for Kuwait Oil Company projects. His core responsibility is to ensure projects are designed and delivered in a timely manner to the highest international standards.
Upon his return to South Africa he worked on Cape Town International Airport and afterwards joined international healthcare specialist architects, IBI Group formerly known as Nightingale Associates where he was key to the successful delivery of many international large scale healthcare projects.
He has extensive international experience including major hospitals in Europe and North America. He has acted as BIM Lead and Project Architect on many large scale projects and has in-depth knowledge of project management and the process of protecting the design against rigorous value engineering. He is an active member of the Cape Institute for Architecture. During his time at ICG, Majed participated in multiple international bidding contracts as part of Joint Ventures with leading Italian and French firms for large and complex projects, including the Kuwait Telecommunication Tower and Kuwait Entertainment City.
He has over 33 years of experience in all facets of construction industry, with his career progressing across bid estimation, site technical engineer, site operation and project manager and construction manager. Before joining SSH, Matt worked at Atkins for 16 years, in later years being the Managing Director for the Oman office covering master planning, buildings, infrastructure and site operations. Since his arrival in Abu Dhabi in , Michael has applied his extensive experience in the delivery of major projects in Europe to the Middle East environment.
As a talented organiser, he has continually applied his team management skills to the wider business, leading to him gradually taking senior management roles in the businesses he has joined. At SSH, Michael is responsible for overseeing all aspects of business development and client management, and is involved in bidding, negotiation and management of major contracts.
Aided by his fluency in German and English, and his profound understanding of the construction market in the Gulf region, he provides a key interface with our Middle Eastern clients, who can draw on this considerable experience. He has Architectural experience in all sectors of design including commercial, education, healthcare, mixed use and residential projects. Michael has led the master planning of large scale projects, is an inspirational designer and strong team player whilst also a lecturer at the School of Architecture, UCT, Cape Town.
As he has had the opportunity to work as a designer, contractor, client representative, as well as a construction manager, Mohamad has accumulated vast experience in the Design and Supervision of various prominent projects both within and outside Kuwait. Mohammad has over 28 years of diverse experience including high rise buildings and towers, commercial and industrial, airports, bridges and highways, sea defense, piling and steel structures.
He managed the delivery of multiple projects for the King Fahd Causeway Authority spanning period of 4 years. Nasir graduated in from the University of Toronto completing a Master of Engineering Degree specialising in Construction Engineering and Management. As Practice Director he is responsible for managing the Building Design Division with a remit to establish international best practices, driving intelligent and profitable project delivery in addition to implementing business improvement initiatives.
He is also responsible for ensuring that Building Design achieves the targets set for performance. In the following years, Omar led the project management function of the office overseeing all projects and was pivotal to winning many bids for the Oman businesss, such as the Omantel headquarters, Junoot Resort, and Ghala MUD. In , Omar became the General Manager responsible for all office operations and achieving business targets.
At Atkins, he was key to the implementation of Revit in the Oman office. He has 14 years of experience and extensive knowledge of the local market. Before joining SSH, Paul was Principal Architect at Atkins Bahrain where he was extensively involved in the detailed design, construction documentation and final site overview of the major projects for the Bahrain Office.
Paul has previous experience working overseas with projects in Spain, Portugal and the Netherlands. With a wide supervisory and technical background combined with a deep understanding of commercial development goals, Paul has design managed and implemented a broad range of prestigious and unique projects within commercial, recreational, residential, industrial and government sectors.
Whilst managing the resources of the Delivery Teams of Architecture and Medical Planning, Peet ensures timely completion of deliverables of the highest quality on challenging programmes; whilst accommodating the constantly changing demands and requirements of contemporary, fast-paced projects. Peet has over 16 years of experience as a practice director, architect and project manager with experience in delivering projects in the commercial, retail, residential and healthcare sectors in Africa and the UK.
Rio graduated as Civil Engineer and has obtained various training on 3D Visualisation. Robbie has worked in the GCC region since with experience on the successful construction of the largest Potable Water Pumping Station in Qatar, and subsequently the design of the Primary Infrastructure for Diyar Al Muharraq, which is one of the largest artificial island developments in the GCC located in the north of Bahrain.
He has gained broad experience with both Contractors and Design Consultants. Managing key clients and government relations are the areas of his expertise and primary focus. A civil engineer by profession with specialisation in construction management, Sadoon worked with both public and private sector in Kuwait for almost a decade before joining SSH. Having consolidated his previous industry experience, Sadoon has been instrumental in guiding SSH management through change and transitions; facilitating stakeholder synergy, providing insights related to best industry practices and in promoting sustainability as part of the organisations culture.
Santosh is now an Associate Director with the Practice Management team. He is an Associate Director overlooking Quantity Surveying and Contracts Discipline, responsible for leading the team and coordinating the production efforts of the team. Satinder manages all aspects of Quantity Surveying and Contracts Discipline including cost management, procurement and contractual advice, tender document preparation, tender review and evaluations, negotiations and provides expertise in the contractual domain for implementation and administration of contract for both pre and post contract works for building and infrastructure projects.
He has worked as lead Quantity Surveyor on a broad range of projects in the Middle East including commercial, residential, public buildings, palaces, hotels, healthcare, education, embassies, airports, mixed use developments, industrial, marine and infrastructure.
He joined SSH full time in January with an expanded remit for leading change management as well as all aspects of information and communication technology. Sean has over 24 years of experience acquired from a variety of industries including financial services, oil and gas, management and technology consulting across multiple geographies including Europe, North America and the Middle East.
He has broad experience in all information and communications technology disciplines infrastructure, networking, applications, service delivery, change and information security and has spent the last 15 years in leadership positions in various blue chip organisations. Her design skills combined with technical, managerial and leadership skills allow her to deliver quality, on time, for major SSH prestigious projects. She was selected as the number one student in a rigorous program that bridged Design and Management from I.
She has over 18 years of work experience in financial reporting, budgeting and planning, audits, banking, treasury, taxation, accounting and process improvements. Before that, she worked in managerial roles in various multinational companies in India including the largest private sector bank. It was there that she established a robust MIS and redefined the processes for enhanced value added. Currently, he continues to support SSH shareholders in his governance role, while also facilitating implementation of enterprise-wide change initiatives across the business.
Ravishankar Shukla University, Raipur, India. He has worked on a broad range of projects including retail, leisure, commercial, environmental, healthcare, residential and mixed use. He has a wide experience of work from quick design competitions, producing the design for presentation, preparing programmes of work for major planning applications and team coordination during the implementation of the work packages, through to completion.
Simon graduated from the Royal College of Art in London. His broad range of experience encompasses the spectrum of building assets including tall buildings, long-span structures, sports stadia, airports, industrial, commercial, residential, hotels, resorts and leisure building commissions. He has specialist knowledge in the design and management of projects from inception through to detailed design and completion, providing technical direction and clear advice Prior to joining SSH, Steven has worked for WS Atkins as Global Network Chair for Structural Engineering responsible for the strategic, project-specific technical direction and the leadership of the WS Atkins Structural Engineering Design Groups in the Middle East Property Sector and Global Design Centres.
Tony focuses on the development and integration of international best practices and the delivery of supervision services. This is intended to not only streamline our delivery and maximise our margins but to additionally offer greater value to our clients in delivering their projects optimally.
In his initial role as Project Manager Tony gained a wealth of international experience being instrumental in setting up the International Projects business unit which was set up to dovetail with the best use of resource across the globe in delivering projects in India, Kazakhstan and the UAE, outsourcing the delivery from concept to tender stages. When Martin Luther King Jr. Using scraps of paper given to him by a janitor, notes written on the margins of a newspaper, and later a legal pad given to him by SCLC attorneys, King wrote his essay " Letter from Birmingham Jail ".
It responded to eight politically moderate white clergymen who accused King of agitating local residents and not giving the incoming mayor a chance to make any changes.
Bass suggested that "Letter from Birmingham Jail" was pre-planned, as was every move King and his associates made in Birmingham. The essay was a culmination of many of King's ideas, which he had touched on in earlier writings. After King's arrest, the chains' profits began to erode. National business owners pressed the Kennedy administration to intervene.
King was released on April 20, Despite the publicity surrounding King's arrest, the campaign was faltering because few demonstrators were willing to risk arrest. After initiating the idea he organized and educated the students in nonviolence tactics and philosophy.
King hesitated to approve the use of children,  but Bevel believed that children were appropriate for the demonstrations because jail time for them would not hurt families economically as much as the loss of a working parent. He also saw that adults in the black community were divided about how much support to give the protests. Bevel and the organizers knew that high school students were a more cohesive group; they had been together as classmates since kindergarten.
He recruited girls who were school leaders and boys who were athletes. Bevel found girls more receptive to his ideas because they had less experience as victims of white violence. When the girls joined, however, the boys were close behind. Bevel and the SCLC held workshops to help students overcome their fear of dogs and jails.
They showed films of the Nashville sit-ins organized in to end segregation at public lunch counters. Birmingham's black radio station, WENN , supported the new plan by telling students to arrive at the demonstration meeting place with a toothbrush to be used in jail.
On May 2, , 7th grader Gwendolyn Sanders helped organize her classmates, and hundreds of kids from high schoolers down to first graders who joined her in a massive walkout defying the principal of Parker High School who attempted to lock the gates to keep students inside.
Marching in disciplined ranks, some of them using walkie-talkies , they were sent at timed intervals from various churches to the downtown business area. Children left the churches while singing hymns and "freedom songs" such as " We Shall Overcome ". They clapped and laughed while being arrested and awaiting transport to jail. The mood was compared to that of a school picnic. When no squad cars were left to block the city streets, Connor, whose authority extended to the fire department, used fire trucks.
The day's arrests brought the total number of jailed protesters to 1, in the capacity Birmingham jail. Lola Hendricks ' nine-year-old daughter, Audrey Faye Hendricks — was the only child in her class to participate in that protest. She was also the youngest known child to be arrested for it. The use of children proved very controversial. Kennedy condemned the decision to use children in the protests. King, who had been silent and then out of town while Bevel was organizing the children, was impressed by the success of using them in the protests.
That evening he declared at a mass meeting, "I have been inspired and moved by today. I have never seen anything like it. When Connor realized that the Birmingham jail was full, on May 3 he changed police tactics to keep protesters out of the downtown business area. Another thousand students gathered at the church and left to walk across Kelly Ingram Park while chanting, "We're going to walk, walk, walk.
Boys' shirts were ripped off, and young women were pushed over the tops of cars by the force of the water. When the students crouched or fell, the blasts of water rolled them down the asphalt streets and concrete sidewalks. I want 'em to see the dogs work. Gaston, who was appalled at the idea of using children, was on the phone with white attorney David Vann trying to negotiate a resolution to the crisis.
When Gaston looked out the window and saw the children being hit with high-pressure water, he said, "Lawyer Vann, I can't talk to you now or ever.
My people are out there fighting for their lives and my freedom. I have to go help them", and hung up the phone. To disperse them, Connor ordered police to use German shepherd dogs to keep them in line. James Bevel wove in and out of the crowds warning them, "If any cops get hurt, we're going to lose this fight. During a kind of truce , protesters went home. Police removed the barricades and re-opened the streets to traffic.
The eyes of the world are on Birmingham. We're going on in spite of dogs and fire hoses. We've gone too far to turn back. A battle-hardened Huntley-Brinkley reporter later said that no military action he had witnessed had ever frightened or disturbed him as much as what he saw in Birmingham.
Moore was a Marine combat photographer who was "jarred" and "sickened" by the use of children and what the Birmingham police and fire departments did to them. He took several photos that were printed in Life. The first photo Moore shot that day showed three teenagers being hit by a water jet from a high-pressure firehose. A shorter version of the caption was later used as the title for Fred Shuttlesworth's biography. The Life photo became an "era-defining picture" and was compared to the photo of Marines raising the U.
Right in front of Hudson stepped Parker High School senior Walter Gadsden when a police officer grabbed the young man's sweater and a police dog charged him.
Gadsden had been attending the demonstration as an observer. He was related to the editor of Birmingham's black newspaper, The Birmingham World , who strongly disapproved of King's leadership in the campaign. Gadsden was arrested for "parading without a permit", and after witnessing his arrest, Commissioner Connor remarked to the officer, "Why didn't you bring a meaner dog; this one is not the vicious one.
Television cameras broadcast to the nation the scenes of fire hoses knocking down schoolchildren and police dogs attacking unprotected demonstrators. Such coverage and photos were given credit for shifting international support to the protesters and making Bull Connor "the villain of the era". The images also had a profound effect in Birmingham. Despite decades of disagreements, when the photos were released, "the black community was instantaneously consolidated behind King", according to David Vann, who would later serve as mayor of Birmingham.
Javits declared, "the country won't tolerate it", and pressed Congress to pass a civil rights bill. The authorities who tried, by these brutal means, to stop the freedom marchers do not speak or act in the name of the enlightened people of the city.
Marshall faced a stalemate when merchants and protest organizers refused to budge. Black onlookers in the area of Kelly Ingram Park abandoned nonviolence on May 5. Spectators taunted police, and SCLC leaders begged them to be peaceful or go home. James Bevel borrowed a bullhorn from the police and shouted, "Everybody get off this corner.
If you're not going to demonstrate in a nonviolent way, then leave! By May 6, the jails were so full that Connor transformed the stockade at the state fairgrounds into a makeshift jail to hold protesters.
Blacks arrived at white churches to integrate services. They were accepted in Roman Catholic , Episcopal , and Presbyterian churches but turned away at others, where they knelt and prayed until they were arrested. Singer Joan Baez arrived to perform for free at Miles College and stayed at the black-owned and integrated Gaston Motel. Flagg worked at Channel 6 on the morning show, and after asking her producers why the show was not covering the demonstrations, she received orders never to mention them on air.
She rolled down the window and shouted to the children, "I'm with you all the way! Birmingham's fire department refused orders from Connor to turn the hoses on demonstrators again,  and waded through the basement of the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church to clean up water from earlier fire-hose flooding. Protest organizers disagreed, saying that business leaders were positioned to pressure political leaders. The situation reached a crisis on May 7, Breakfast in the jail took four hours to distribute to all the prisoners.
Nineteen rabbis from New York flew to Birmingham, equating silence about segregation to the atrocities of the Holocaust. Local rabbis disagreed and asked them to go home. Error when adding to shopping collection. This business was removed from the shopping collection. Spencer's View all 2 Locations. Add to mybook Remove from mybook Added to your fun collection!
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